The purpose of a hand-rail is to offer secure and reliable support. Users should also be able to get a secure grip on the hand-rail. A stairway must have at least one hand-rail, which should be fitted along the right-hand side and viewed when descending. If the stairway is 1,200 mm wide, or wider, it should be fitted with two hand-rails. Stepladders, on the other hand, should always be fitted with two hand-rails.
Hand-rails on the open sides of stairways should run the entire length of the flight without interruption. If there are any gaps between the sections of a hand-rail, these must be between 75 mm and 120 mm. A diameter of between 25 mm and 50 mm is recommended for the hand-rail to prevent users getting caught on, or slipping off the ends.